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Enhancing Model

Enhancing Model: Beyond Fine-Tuning

Enhancing models involves refining AI models using methods like LoRA, quantization, and RLHF. This process fine-tunes hyperparameters, increases training data, and optimizes architecture for improved performance, offering better accuracy and faster training. Enhanced models are crucial for various applications, from natural language processing to computer vision, offering more reliable and efficient outcomes.

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  • List of Open Sourced Fine-Tuned LLM (opens in a new tab) by Sung Kim, this ongoing list catalogs open-sourced, fine-tuned LLMs you can run locally on your computer, grouped and sub-grouped by model type, it aims to serve as a useful reference for practitioners exploring leveraging powerful LLMs. By compiling fine-tuned models by their pretrained versions, the list helps users identify and compare the available options for leveraging in language projects.

  • Learning from Human Preferences (opens in a new tab) (2017) by OpenAI, delves into RLHF for AI model training. RLHF enables AI models to optimize behavior based on human preferences. The process involves collecting human feedback, building a reward model, and training the AI model through Reinforcement Learning. Challenges include reliance on human evaluators and potential for tricky policies. OpenAI is exploring various feedback types to improve training effectiveness. (paper)

  • Illustrating Reinforcement Learning from Human Feedback (RLHF) (opens in a new tab) by Hugging Face, RLHF integrates human data labels into RL optimization, emphasizing training helpful and safe AI models, especially in language tasks. Hugging Face advances RLHF with tools like the TRL library, optimizing for scalability. This approach enhances AI model performance, safety, reliability, interpretability, and alignment with human values.

  • LLM Training: RLHF and Its Alternatives (opens in a new tab) by Sebastian Raschka, delves into the training of modern LLMs, outlines the canonical three-step training process, with a spotlight on RLHF and emerging alternatives like The Wisdom of Hindsight (2023) & Direct Preference Optimization (2023) Ongoing research aims to enhance LLM performance and alignment with human preferences.

  • RLHF (opens in a new tab) by Chip Huyen, delves into RLHF for LLM training. RLHF employs a reward model to optimize LLMs for improved response quality. The process involves training the reward model and refining LLM responses, discusses RLHF's integration into LLM development phases and explores hypotheses about its effectiveness. Ongoing research aims to enhance LLM performance and safety through RLHF and alternative approaches.

  • Retrieval Augmented Generation: Streamlining the creation of intelligent NLP models (opens in a new tab) (2020): Retrieval Augmented Generation (RAG), developed by Meta AI, is an end-to-end differentiable model. Combining information retrieval with a seq2seq generator, it enhances NLP models by enabling access to up-to-date information, resulting in more specific, diverse, and factual language generation compared to state-of-the-art seq2seq models. (paper)

  • Improving language models by retrieving from trillions of tokens (opens in a new tab) (2021): By DeepMind, introduces RETRO (Retrieval Enhanced Transformers). Combining transformers with retrieval from a vast text database enhances models, offering improved specificity, diversity, factuality, and safety in text generation. Scaling the retrieval database to trillions of tokens benefits LLM. (paper)

  • H3: Language Modeling with State Space Models and (Almost) No Attention (opens in a new tab) (2022): By Hazy Research (Stanford), introduces H3, a state space model combining GPT-Neo and GPT-2 strengths, offering superior perplexity scores with fewer parameters. H3 outperforms on various tasks, demonstrating its efficiency. Scaling and future research challenges are discussed. (paper)

  • Can Longer Sequences Help Take the Next Leap in AI? (opens in a new tab) (2022): By Stanford AI lab, explores how extending sequence length benefits deep learning. Longer sequences can enhance AI in text processing and computer vision, boosting insight quality and opening new learning paradigms, such as in-context learning and story generation. Research in this area is exciting, with vast potential yet to be fully understood. (paper)


  • GPT-3.5 Turbo fine-tuning (opens in a new tab): OpenAI now offers fine-tuning for GPT-3.5 Turbo via an API, allowing developers to customize models for specific needs. Initial tests have demonstrated that fine-tuned GPT-3.5 Turbo can excel in certain tasks, rivalling base GPT-4 capabilities. (blog)

  • Fine-tuning (opens in a new tab): Learn how to customize a model for your application.

  • Pinecone learning center (opens in a new tab): Numerous LLM applications adopt a vector search approach. Pinecone's educational hub, while labeled as vendor content, provides highly valuable guidance on constructing within this framework.

  • LangChain docs (opens in a new tab): LangChain serves as the primary orchestration layer for LLM applications, seamlessly integrating with nearly every component in the stack. Consequently, their documentation serves as a valuable resource, offering comprehensive insights into the entire stack's composition and interactions.

  • Introducing GPTs (opens in a new tab): OpenAI introduces GPTs, customized ChatGPT variants, for specific needs. Users can easily enhance their utility without coding, suitable for personal, company, or public applications.

  • QLoRA (opens in a new tab) is an efficient finetuning method for quantized language models. It reduces memory usage, enabling finetuning of a 65B parameter model on a single 48GB GPU while maintaining full 16-bit finetuning task performance. QLoRA uses Low Rank Adapters (LoRA), backpropagating gradients through a frozen, 4-bit quantized pretrained language model. (code)